Liga Filipina was a peaceful group that did not believe in violence.
But the Spanish
government thought it was dangerous. They had Rizal secretly arrested and set away, or
exiled, to Dapitan, a lonely island in the South.
When Bonifacio learned that
Rizal had been exiled, he knew in his heart that the days of
peaceful reform were over. He believed it would take no less than an armed revolution to
free the Philippines from Spanish rule. Unlike Rizal and other people in the reform movement,
Bonifacio believed that the Philippines should be totally separated from Spain.
In his essay "What
the Filipinos Should Know," Bonifacio wrote in Tagalog: "Reason
us that we cannot expect anything but more sufferings, more treachery, more insults, and more
slavery. Reason tells us not to fritter away time for the promised prosperity that will never come….
Reason teaches us to rely on ourselves and not to depend on others for our living. Reason
tells us to be united…that we may have the strength to combat the evils in our country."
Bonifacio also wrote about
how the Filipinos were tortured by the Spaniards. They were
bound, kicked, and hit with gun butts. They were electrocuted and hung upside down like cattle.
He said that Filipino prisoners were "thrown into the sea…shot, poisoned…."
| For Bonifacio, it was time
to take action.
On the night of
July 7, 1892 – the same day he
House were the Katipunan was founded