To keep the Katipunan from
being discovered by the Spaniards, new members were
enlisted through the triangle method. This is how it worked. A recruiter would ask two
members to join. That recruiter would know the names of the two members, but the
recruits themselves would not know each other. Thus a memberís knowledge about
the group was limited and controlled. But the triangle method was slow. After October
1892, all Katipuneros could recruit as many members as they could.
| Any man who wanted to join
the Katipunan had to pass first a
number of tests to prove his
courage and sincerity. Wearing
a black robe, the new recruit
was led blindfolded into a
darkly lit room. He was told
to answer these questions: (1)
"In what condition did the
Spaniards find the Filipino people
when they came?"; (2) "In what
condition do they find
themselves now?"; and (3) What
hope do the Filipino people have
for the future?"
Some members of the Katipunan
This was followed by other
tests for the would-be-Katipunero. The final test was the
sandugo or "Blood compact". The recruit was asked to make a small cut on his left forearm
with a sharp knife. He then signed the Katipunan oat in his own blood. Afterwards, the new
member chose a symbolic name for himself. For example, Bonifacio was called "Maypag-asa"
who joined the Katipunan were limited to the wives, daughters, or close
of the Katipuneros. The womenís chapter of the Katipunan was formed in July 1893. Only
about thirty females were known to have joined this secret society. The women did not have
to seal their membership with a blood compact. During Katipunan meetings, they wore green
masks, and white sashes with green borders. Sometimes they carried revolvers or daggers.
They usually served as lookouts in the outer sala (living room) while the men held their secret
meetings in the backroom.