| On August
30, Andres Bonifacio and his best friend, Emilio
Jacinto, fought the first battle of the Philippine Revolution.
Leading an army of eight hundred men, they attacked a
gunpowder storehouse in San Juan del Monte (now San Juan,
Metro Manila). Today the place is called Pinaglabanan,
meaning battlefield. The storehouse was an important military
post for the Spanish army, but it was defended by only a
hundred men. Outnumbered, the Spaniards retreated to El
Deposito, the place where the Spaniards stored the water
supply for the city of Intramuros.
Encouraged by the Spaniards’
retreat, Bonifacio and his
| In the area of Manila, the
battle of Pinaglabanan and fighting in
Kalookan sparked other small battles north and south of the
Pasig River, in places such as Marikina, San Mateo, Pasig,
Pateros and Taguig. That same day Governor-General Blanco
declared a state of war in eight provinces: Manila, Batangas,
Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, and Tarlac.
The Spanish government did not want the revolt to spread to
other provinces. It was determined to punish the rebels and all
who helped them.
Gov. Gen Ramon Blanco